Special Education is governed by federal law in most educational jurisdictions. Under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Special Education is defined as:
“Specifically designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.”
Special Education programs and services adapt content, teaching methodology and delivery instruction to meet the appropriate needs of each child. Special Education is available to children from the age of 3 until they reach 21 years of age.
Special Education broadly identifies the academic, physical, cognitive, and social-emotional instruction offered to children who are faced with one or more disabilities. The range of special education support will vary based on need and educational jurisdictions.